What Are the Different Types of Fire Sprinkler Systems?
It has been proven that fire sprinkler systems are one of the best fire prevention methods out there. This is because they act automatically and efficiently in the face of an emergency. But, are you aware that there is a wide range of systems that differ in certain ways. Before installation, you should be aware of which sprinkler system is best for you and your building; especially if you are the responsible person for the property. Find out here the different types of fire sprinkler systems.
Wet Pipe System
The most common sprinkler system. Wet pipe systems, as the name would suggest, contain water in the pipes, so should be installed where there is no chance of freezing. Its water supply is stored in the house, connected to the town’s main water supply or a separate water tank. They are easy to maintain and perfect for residential purposes.As always, the sprinkler head is activated once a fire is detected and will suppress the flames from spreading.
Dry Pipe Systems
These systems are similar to wet pipe, however, there is one key difference. In situations where there is a chance of freezing, dry pipe systems are the ideal choice. Unlike wet pipe systems, where the water remains in the pipe, the water supply in these systems is contained somewhere else. Instead, in the pipes, there is compressed air or pressurised nitrogen. From this, the water is held back by a valve. When the sprinklers are activated, the air pressure is dropped and the valve is opened so that the water reaches the sprinkler head and disperses. Pre-action systems also use this similar approach, however, in this case, however, in this case, the system requires a trigger from an additional system like an electronic heat detector as well as the thermal device within the sprinkler head itself before it will operate These fire sprinkler systems are primarily installed in locations where if the sprinkler accidentally goes off, major damage would ensue. Therefore, these systems are considered in places such as control rooms.
A deluge sprinkler system has no water contained in the piping network. The water is stored behind a control valve. A Deluge system will typically have a control valve, a dedicated water supply, and a sprinkler-activated detecting system. When a Deluge system is triggered, the Deluge Valve releases water to these open sprinkler heads, which are directly connected to a dedicated water supply. These fire sprinkler systems are often employed in high-risk situations where a fire could quickly spread.
Water Mist Systems
Water mist systems operate in a similar way to the other systems mentioned. These systems utilise specially designed nozzles that will release a fine spray once activated, filling the room with a mist. This is ideal for fire suppression in domestic situations, as the mist will quickly reduce the heat from the fire and extinguish the flames. These mist sprinkler systems are great in situations where it is not possible, or too expensive, to replace an existing mains water supply. Or, if there isn’t enough space in residential buildings to store the amount of water required. Instead, only a small box is required. If you are interested in mist sprinklers or would like more information, check out our services page here.
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