Some of the more common technical questions:
1.Does the property require a full or partial domestic fire sprinkler suppression system?
BS 9251 states that (other than some small exceptions) sprinkler protection should be provided in all parts of the building except bathrooms below 5m² and cupboards with a floor area less than 2m².
However, relaxations to this are frequently granted by the BCO. Because these relaxations to BS 9251 are at the discretion of the BCO it is difficult for us to offer anything more than general advise based on empirical evidence. It is therefore very important to find out what level of protection is required from the BCO as early as possible.
2. What type of water supply will be required?
Water company’s policies on domestic and residential fire sprinkler supplies vary considerably and our experience in this matter enables us to provide advice based on current trends. As a rule of thumb however, it is unusual to be able to incorporate an existing water supply into a retro-fit domestic fire sprinkler system because of the high flow rates that these systems require. Generally, the choice is between a new water supply and a storage system. The cost of a fire sprinkler storage system often compares favorably with the cost and disruption involved in providing a new supply for a retrofit installation. Most domestic fire sprinkler systems for new build properties can be run direct from the town mains supply providing that provision has been made sufficiently early in the build process.
3. Why can’t the sprinkler system be fed from our existing mains water supply?
A fire sprinkler system requires a large quantity of water with a certain amount of pressure behind it referred to as dynamic pressure. A normal mains stop cock is designed to restrict the flow of water when there is a sudden demand like a burst water pipe. When this feature of a normal domestic supply is combined with a domestic meter which also restricts large flows of water it follows that a normal domestic water supply will most likely be unsuitable for a fire sprinkler system unless it had been designed for this purpose when the supply was installed
4. At what point do I instruct a Fire Sprinkler contractor?
The sprinkler system design will need to be submitted to the Building Control Officer prior to the installation and we advise our customers to obtain confirmation in writing to any deviations to the British Standard BS9251 that have been granted by the BCO. Generally, the fire sprinkler installation company prefers to commence their 1st fix before any other trades.
5. At what point in the build does the Fire Sprinkler Installation start?
The installation follows the same process as any plumbing or electrical work. There is a first fix, a second fix and a commissioning stage. Because of the high flow rates associated with domestic fire sprinkler systems, the pipe work can be marginally larger than normal plumbing pipe sizes and an American ‘fire proof plastic’ system is widely used throughout the UK in preference to copper.
6. For a storage system: how much water do I need to store and what do the water tanks weigh?
7. Is the pipework flexible?
The pipe work used in Domestic and Residential fire sprinkler systems is normally a flame proof cpvc system. Although this is marginally more flexible than copper, straight runs are
8. How big is the pipework and can it be concealed?
Most flame proof cpvc pipe work in domestic premises has an external diameter of either 28mm or 35mm. Often the route up through a house is similar to the route of the soil stack. When the pipe work runs at right angles to joists the joists themselves will be drilled on the centre line in a position between 0.25 and 0.4 of the joist span.